Title X Statutes, Regulations, and Legislative Mandates

2021 Title X Final Rule

On October 4, 2021, the Office of Population Affairs (OPA) amended the Title X Family Planning regulations to restore access to equitable, affordable, client-centered, quality family planning services for more Americans. Learn more about the 2021 Title X Final Rule.

Title X Statute - Five Major Provisions of the Law

Title X of the Public Health Service Act, 42 U.S.C. 300, et seq.

1001 – Title X Services

Grants under Section 1001 assist in the establishment and operation of voluntary family planning projects which provide a broad range of acceptable and effective family planning methods and related preventive health services that include natural family planning methods, infertility services, and services for adolescents; highly effective contraceptive methods; breast and cervical cancer screening and prevention services that correspond with nationally recognized standards of care; STD and HIV prevention education, counseling, testing, and referral; adolescent abstinence counseling; and other preventive health services. The broad range of services does not include abortion as a method of family planning.

1003 – Title X Training

Grants under Section 1003 provide training for personnel working in family planning services projects described under Section 1001. The purpose of this training is to promote and improve the delivery of family planning services. Read more about the National Training Centers.

1004 – Title X Research

Grants and contracts under Section 1004 provide for projects for research in the biomedical, contraceptive development, behavioral, and program implementation fields related to family planning and population. Projects under this Section conduct data analysis and related research and evaluation on issues of interest to the family planning field, as well as research into specific topic areas related to service delivery improvement. Research on male reproductive health has been a focus of applied research activities since 1997. All research activities funded under Section 1004 support ensuring and improving the quality of family planning services. Read more about Title X Service Delivery Improvement activities.

1005 – Title X Information and Education

Grants and contracts under Section 1005 provide for the development and dissemination of informational and educational materials including the OPA website and the Title X family planning clinic locator database.

1008 – The Prohibition of Abortion

None of the funds appropriated under this title shall be used in programs where abortion is a method of family planning.

Title X Regulations

Family Planning Program Regulations 42CFR59 Grants for Family Planning Services

  • Subpart A - Project Grants for Family Planning Services

On December 20, 2022, in Deanda v. Becerra, 2:20-cv-92-Z (N.D. Tex.), a federal district court in Texas ruled against the government, holding that HHS’s administration of Title X to allow minors access to Title X services without parental consent under 42 U.S.C. § 300(a) violates Plaintiff Alexander R. Deanda’s rights under Section 151.001(a)(6) of the Texas Family Code and the Due Process Clause of the U.S. Constitution. The court also set aside a portion of 42 C.F.R. § 59.10(b).

  • Subpart C - Grants for Family Planning Service Training

Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects 42CFR50 Policies of General Applicability

  • Subpart B - Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects

Title X Legislative Mandates

The following legislative mandates have been part of the Title X appropriations language for each of the last several years. Title X family planning services projects should include administrative, clinical, counseling, and referral services necessary to ensure adherence to these requirements.

  • None of the funds appropriated in this Act may be made available to any entity under Title X of the Public Health Service Act unless the applicant for the award certifies to the Secretary that it encourages family participation in the decision of minors to seek family planning services and that it provides counseling to minors on how to resist attempts to coerce minors into engaging in sexual activities.
  • Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no provider of services under Title X of the Public Health Service Act shall be exempt from any State law requiring notification or the reporting of child abuse, child molestation, sexual abuse, rape, or incest.